Cavities are destruction to the tooth caused by the acid released by bacteria in the mouth. There are many bacteria living in the mouth. They are usually kept in check by proper dental hygiene hat is brushing and flossing, proper diet and the inherent defense system of the body, but poor dental hygiene leads to the overgrowth of this bacteria that produce acids which eat away the enamel.The symptoms of having dental cavities are, tooth ache, tooth sensitivity, visible hole in the teeth, black or white stains on the teeth, if left to progress, may lead to tooth loss which can only be corrected by dental implant.
The causes of cavities are, improper brushing and flossing, poor diet, dry mouth, genetics and age.
Enamel is the hard covering of the tooth, the layer beneath it is called the dentin which is the softer layer and the part that sits deep is the pulp which contains the blood vessels and the nerves.When we consume sugary food or carbohydrates, the bacteria in the mouth thrive on it, forming an acid that leads to the dissolving of the hard layer this process is called demineralization, chalky white spots manifests during this stage. This level is preventable with proper brushing with fluoride toothpaste and a visit to the dentist Ballarat.
As the demineralization continues the enamel get damaged severely and the surface is worn off at this stage cavity forms and the tooth cannot repair, at this point the cavity can be corrected with filling, if still left untreated the process goes on and wears off the dentin and the erosion goes deep into the pulp since pulp is the area with nerves one begins to feel tooth ache, and when pulp is infected it can lead to abscess formation or an opening in the gum.
Treatment depends on the stage of the cavity, pay a visit to the dentist, he would ask for an x-ray to see the extent of the cavity, if the cavity has just started, fluoride treatment is advised, this could even help reverse cavities; in fluoride treatment an increased amount of fluoride is used; liquid, gel or foam is brushed onto your teeth.
When cavities are deep, fillings are insisted, fillings are made of either composite resin, porcelain or dental amalgam.If severely damaged tooth extraction is prescribed and for the gap you can consider a dental implant.
Some of the lifestyle modification to prevent dental cavities are, proper brushing and flossing, good brushing without flossing may lead to accumulation of food in between teeth, avoid sugar and eat healthy, use a mouthwash to rinse. With these simple changes you can maintain a healthy set of teeth.